Role of Multilevel Governance In Urban Public Transit

Jason D. Waters


In an increasingly urbanized society, Canadian governments face considerable challenges in guiding economic development and facilitating services within their jurisdictions. For densely populated and growing cities and regions, constant changes are difficult to plan for. This work considers two case studies, Toronto and Vancouver, to demonstrate the use of network management practices by provincial and federal governments. It is argued that unequal power relations necessitate network management in order to influence policy direction within a multilevel governance context.

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