The Nakba Continues: The Palestinian Crisis from the Past to the Present

Ahmad Qabaha, Bilal Hamamra

Abstract


Drawing on postcolonial and settler-colonial studies, this article accounts for the settler-colonial nature of the Jewish state, which is founded on the cadastral displacement and effacement of Palestinians, who are dehumanized by Israel, an apartheid state par excellence. We delineate the colonial practices of the Israeli military occupation and its racial discrimination and exclusion as manifested in the construction of the Separation/apartheid Wall and of roads that link settlements in the West Bank, which is under the threat of annexation. This article further illustrates the resilience of the Nakba as a memory and experience in the life of Palestinians. We argue that today’s Israeli war against Palestinians takes the same shape that it took when it established itself in 1948. As this article shows, Israel continues its practices of displacing and replacing Palestinians with Jewish citizens while destroying their homes. This article also argues that Palestinians have felt that the deterioration of the Palestinian political leadership has affected their collective struggle for their self-determination. 

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdo, Nahla, and Nur Masalha. 2019. An Oral History of the Palestinian Nakba. London: Zed Books.

Agamben, Giorgio. 2005. State of Exception. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. 2002. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-colonial Literatures. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge.

Avelar, Daniel, and Bianca Ferrari. 2018. “Israel and Palestine: A Story of Modern Colonialism.” Open Democracy, 29 May 2018. https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/north-africa-west-asia/israel-and-palestine-story-of-modern-colonialism/.

Ayyash, Mark. 2020. “Israel is a Settler Colony, Annexing Native Land is What it Does.” Aljazeera, 7 July 2020. https://www.aljazeera.com/opinions/2020/7/7/israel-is-asettler-colony-annexing-native-land-is-what-it-does.

Ball, Anna. 2012. Palestinian Literature and Film in Postcolonial Feminist Perspective. London: Routledge.

Chappell, Bill, and Daniel Estrin. 2019. “Netanyahu Says Israel Is ‘Nation-State of The Jewish People and Them Alone.’” Npr.org, 11 March 2019.

https://www.npr.org/2019/03/11/702264118/netanyahu-says-israel-is-nationstate-of-the-jewish-people-and-them-alone.

Chomsky, Noam, and Ilan Pappé. 2015. On Palestine. Edited by Frank Barat. Chicago: Haymarket Books.

Erakat, Noura. 2021. “Beyond Discrimination: Apartheid is a Colonial Project and Zionism is a form of Racism.” EJIL, 5 July 2021. https://www.ejiltalk.org/beyonddiscrimination-apartheid-is-a-colonial-project-and-zionism-is-a-form-of-racism/.

Fanon, Frantz. 1963. The Wretched of the Earth. Translated by Constance Farrington. New York: Grove.

Fox, Rachel, and Ahmad Qabaha, eds. 2021. Post-millennial Palestine: Literature, Memory, Resistance. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Gregory, Derek. 2004. The Colonial Present: Afghanistan, Palestine, Iraq. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Hamamra, Bilal. 2021. “Palestinian Bereaved Mothers of Martyrs: Religious and National Discourses of Sacrifice and Bereavement.” Women & Criminal Justice, 31 March 2021. DOI: 10.1080/08974454.2021.1902458.

Hamamra, Bilal, Michael Uebel, and Sanaa Abu Samra. 2021. “‘You are only as healthy as your neighbour’: collective vulnerability and (un)ethical responsiveness to the early phases of the pandemic in Palestine.” Global Affairs, 8 June 2021. DOI: 10.1080/23340460.2021.1936589.

Hamdi, Tahrir. 2021. “Late Style as Resistance in the Works of Edward Said, Mahmoud Darwish, and Mourid Barghouti.” In Post-millennial Palestine: Literature, Memory, Resistance, edited by Rachel Fox and Ahmad Qabaha, 36-57. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.

Herzl, Theodor. 1941. Old–New Land [Altneuland, 1902]. Translated by Lotta Levensohn. New York: M. Wiener.

Holms, O. 2020. “Palestine says it will declare statehood if Israel annexes West Bank.” The Guardian, 9 June 2020. https://www.theguarian.com/world/2020/jun/09/palestine-says-itwill-declare-statehood-if-Israel-annexes-west-bank.

Massad, Joseph. 2018. “‘The ‘Deal of the Century’: The Final Stage of the Oslo Accords.” Aljazeera, 6 November 2018.https://studies.aljazeera.net

/en/reports/2018/11/181106114236864.html.

—. 2006. The Persistence of the Palestinian Question: Essays on Zionism and the Palestinians. London: Routledge.

Morris, Benny. 2004. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Muhawi, Ibrahim. 2010. “Introduction.” In Mahmoud Darwish, Journal of an Ordinary Grief. New York: Archipelago, 2010.

Pileggi, Tamar. 2015. “New Deputy Defense Minister Called Palestinians ‘animals.’” The Times of Israel, 11 May 2015. https://www.timesofisrael.com/new-deputy-defenseminister-

called-palestinians-animals/.

Qabaha, Ahmad. 2018. Exile and Expatriation in Modern American and Palestinian Writing. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

—. 2019. “Decolonizing History and Depoliticizing Territory: Raja Shehadeh’s Palestinian Walks: Notes on a Vanishing Landscape.” Interventions 21 (7): 1030 – 1044.

Roy, Sara. 2002. “Why Peace Failed: An Oslo Autopsy.” Current History 101: 8-16.

Said, Edward. 1994. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Chatto and Windus.

—. 1980. The Question of Palestine. London: Routledge.

—. 1978. Orientalism. New York: Vintage.

Sayegh, Fayez. 1965. Zionist Colonialism in Palestine. Beirut: Research Center Palestine Liberation Organization.

Shehadeh, Raja. 2020. When the Bulbul Stopped Singing: Life in Palestine During an Israeli Siege. Truth to Power.

Sofuoglu, Murat. 2021. “How Israel’s Settler Colonial Nature Shapes itself.” TRTWORLD, 10 May 2021. https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/how-israel-s-settlercolonial-nature-shapes-its-state-46604.

Thrall, Nathan. 2021. “The Separate Regimes Delusion.” London Review of Books, 43 (2). https://www.lrb.co.uk/the-paper/v43/n02/nathan-thrall/the-separate-regimesdelusion.

Viroli, Maurizio. 1995. For Love of Country: An Essay on Patriotism and Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Weizman, Eyal. 2007. Hollow Land: Israel’s Architecture of Occupation. London: Verso.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2021%2Fju.v1i1.2315

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


E-ISSN: 2564-2154

In affiliation with: