Antiracist Feminist Activism in Womens Social Service Organizations: A Review of the Literature

Sobia Shaheen Shaikh


Drawing from the historical successes of the antiracist and feminist movements of the 1980s and 1990s, antiracist feminists of colour continue to challenge inequitable practices within womens organizations. In this paper, I review five strands of interrelated literature that help us to understand the contexts through which social justice activism is negotiated. I argue that in order to understand more fully womens experience of doing antiracist feminism within womens organizations we need to understand intersecting arenas of activism. The literature points to several interconnected layers of social relations that need to be unpacked and examined, namely: restructuring of funding and accountability regimes within the non-profit sector broadly; unique challenges found within womens movement organizations; politics of racism and antiracism in the feminist movement; everyday antiracist action within womens organizations; and the relationships among politicized action, identity, subjectivity, and personal relationships.


antiracism, feminism, activism, social movement, organizational change

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