The History of Feminist Resistance in Iran from 1978 to 2023


  • Arezou Darvishi member


The recent wave of protests in Iran following the tragic death of Mahsa Amini has sparked discussions about the sudden and unforeseen nature of these events. This paper seeks to explore the interconnected nature of women's movements in Iran over the past 45 years, demonstrating that these movements are linked and culminate in the Women, Life, Freedom uprising. By examining various initiatives ranging from the online campaign One Million Signatures in the 1980s to the collective and collaborative actions of The Girls of the Street Revolution, our objective is to provide a comprehensive understanding of women's rights issues in Iran and shed light on the formation of the Women, Life, Freedom movement.

Author Biography

Arezou Darvishi, member

Arezou Darvishi is a second-year master’s student in French at the Romance Languages
Department at the University of Oregon. She received her BA in French Translation and
Language in 2019 from Allameh Tabatabai University. Born and raised in Iran, her passions lie
in Iran’s women’s studies, gender and language, religion and gender, and digital feminism. She is
currently working on her thesis titled “Veiling and unveiling in Iran and in France: how French
feminism interprets Women, Life, Freedom movement.” She presented her initial findings in this
paper at the 2023 Fall Forum held by the Romance Languages Department of the University of