After Lisbon: A More Political European Union

Brad R. King

Abstract


This article argues that with the full implementation of the Lisbon Treaty - a process due to unfold over the next decade - the EU will become more politically integrated. It develops a model to determine degrees of EU political integration, asserting that the degree of integration is determined by the amount of individual member-state control in the decision-making process. It concerns policy areas of a political character with control being defined as the ability of individual member states to alter the outcome of the decision-making process. For the purpose of gauging control, the developed model outlines three ‘decision-making settings', which this article then uses to demonstrate that it is through the introduction of institutional changes that the fully implemented Lisbon Treaty increases EU political integration.

Keywords


Lisbon Treaty; EU; political integration

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